On This Day
In 1547, Ivan the Terrible (Ivan IV) became Czar of Russian
In 1581, English Parliament outlawed Roman Catholicism.
In 1786, Virginia enacted the Statute for Religious Freedom, authored by Thomas Jefferson
In 1847, John C. Fremont became Governor of the new California territory.
In 1909, Ernest Shackleton's expedition found the magnetic South Pole.
In 1920, Prohibition began as the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution took effect.
In 1969, two manned Soviet Soyuz spaceships became the first vehicles to dock in space and transfer personnel.
In 1991, the White House announced the start of Operation Desert Storm to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait.
In 1992, El Salvador's government and rebel leaders signed a pact in Mexico City that put an end to the 12 years of civil war that had killed at least 75,000 people.
In 2006, Africa's first elected female head of state, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, was sworn in as Liberia's president.
In 2007, some guy named Barack Obama launched his bid for the Presidency.
Born on This Day
1477 - Johannes Schöner, German astronomer and cartographer (d. 1547)
1626 - Lucas Achtschellinck, Flemish painter (d. 1699)
1853 - Sir Johnston Forbes-Robertson, English actor and theatre manager (d. 1937)
1872 - Edward Gordon Craig, English actor, producer, director and scenic designer, also the illegitimate (is there a nice word for that?) son of famed actress Ellen Terry. (d. 1966)
1878 - Harry Carey, American silent film actor (d. 1947)
1886 - John Hamilton, American actor (d. 1958)
1901 - Frank Zamboni, American inventor (d. 1988)
1906 - Diana Wynyard, British actress (d. 1964)
1907 - Alexander Knox, Canadian actor (d. 1995)
1908 - Ethel Merman, American actress and singer (d. 1984)
1910 - Dizzy Dean, American baseball player (d. 1974)
1920 - Elliott Reid, American actor
1921 - Francesco Scavullo, American photographer (d. 2004)
1924 - Katy Jurado, Mexican actress (d. 2002)
1932 - Dian Fossey, American zoologist (d. 1985)
1933 - Susan Sontag, American writer (d. 2004)
1947 - Sarah Jane Olson, American political activist
1947 - Laura Schlessinger, American wingnut radio talk show host
1948 - John Carpenter, American film director
1949 - Caroline Munro, British actress
1950 - Debbie Allen, American dancer and choreographer
1959 - Sade, Nigerian-born singer
1961 - Paul Raven, English musician (Killing Joke, Prong, and Ministry) (d. 2007)
1962 - Paul Webb, British musician (Talk Talk, .O.rang)
1965 - Maxine Jones, American singer (En Vogue)
1965 - Jill Sobule, American singer-songwriter
1974 - Kate Moss, English model who was criticized as encouraging poor body image in young girls (and was one of the first to represent "heroin chic.")
1979 - Aaliyah, American singer and actress (d. 2001)
1981 - Nick Valensi, American guitarist (The Strokes)
Died on This Day
1752 - Francis Blomefield, English topographer (b. 1705)
1794 - Edward Gibbon, English historian (b. 1737)
1901 - Arnold Böcklin, Swiss painter (b. 1827)
1901 - Hiram Revels, first African-American to serve in the U. S. Senate (b. 1822)
1906 - Marshall Field, American entrepreneur (b. 1834)
1935 - Ma Barker, American criminal (b. 1871)
1936 - Albert Fish, American serial killer (b. 1870)
1942 - Carole Lombard, American actress (b. 1908)
1981 - Bernard Lee, English actor (b. 1908)
1993 - Florence Desmond, [Dawson], actress (b. 1905)
2009 - Andrew Wyeth, American realist painter (b. 1917)
National Nothing Day
International Hot & Spicy Food Day
National Nothing Day
Dragon Appreciation Day
Religious Freedom Day
Hot & Spicy Food Day
Fig Newton Day