On This Day
In 41, Evil Roman emperor Caligula was murdered by his Praetorian Guard, and his uncle Claudius installed in his place.
In 1848, the California Gold Rush started when James W. Marshall found gold at Sutter's Mill.
In 1908, the first Boy Scout troop was organized in England by Robert Baden-Powell.
In 1924, the Russian city of St. Petersburg was renamed Leningrad in honor of late revolutionary leader Vladimir Lenin.
In 1972, the Supreme Court struck down laws that denied welfare benefits to people who had resided in a state for less than a year.
In 2003, the Department of Homeland Security officially began operation.
Born on This Day
76 - Hadrian, Roman Emperor and wall builder (d. 138)
1670 - William Congreve, English playwright (d. 1729)
1705 - Farinelli, Italian castrato (d. 1782)
1848 - Vasily Surikov, Russian painter (d. 1916)
1862 - Edith Wharton, American writer (d. 1937)
1864 - Marguerite Durand, French suffragette (d. 1936)
1872 - Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (d. 1943)
1883 - Estelle Winwood, English actress (d. 1984)
1909 - Ann Todd, English actress (d. 1993)
1917 - Ernest Borgnine, American actor (d. 2012)
1918 - Oral Roberts, American evangelist (d. 2009)
1924 - Joe Albany, American jazz pianist
1925 - Maria Tallchief, American ballerina
1936 - Doug Kershaw, American musician
1936 - Bobby Wellins, Scottish jazz saxophonist
1941 - Neil Diamond, American singer
1941 - Aaron Neville, American singer (Neville Brothers)
1943 - Sharon Tate, American actress and Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
1944 - Klaus Nomi, German singer (d. 1983)
1945 - John Garamendi, American politician
1947 - Warren Zevon, American musician (d. 2003)
1949 - John Belushi, American actor (d. 1982)
1958 - Jools Holland, English musician (Squeeze)
1961 - Nastassja Kinski, German-born actress
1967 - Mark Kozelek, American singer/songwriter (Red House Painters and Sun Kil Moon)
1971 - Andrea Mackris, American television producer whose name must not be mentioned in Bill O'Reilly's presence.
Died on This Day
1920 - Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (b. 1884)
1950 - Bull Montana, actor and wrestler (b. 1887)
1962 - André Lhote, French painter (b. 1885)
1965 - Winston Churchill, soldier, politician, historian, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
1973 - J. Carrol Naish, American actor (b. 1897)
1979 - Mabel Taliaferro, American stage and silent film actress (b. 1887)
1980 - Lil Dagover, Dutch-born German actress (b. 1887)
1983 - George Cukor, American film director (b. 1899)
1986 - L. Ron Hubbard, American writer and founder of Scientology (b. 1911)
1989 - Ted Bundy, American serial killer (b. 1946)
1990 - Madge Bellamy, American actress (b. 1899)
1993 - Thurgood Marshall, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (b. 1908)
1995 - Victor Reinganum, English artist and illustrator (b. 1907)
2006 - Fayard Nicholas, American tap dancer, one-half of The Nicholas Brothers (b. 1914)
2006 - Chris Penn, American actor (b. 1965)
2010 - Pernell Roberts, American actor & singer, last surviving star of Bonanza (b. 1928)
2012 - James Farentino, American actor (b. 1938)
Lobster Thermidor Day
National Peanut Butter Day
Eskimo Pie Patent Day
Belly Laugh Day
Beer Can Appreciation Day