On This Day
In 1764, the city of St. Louis was established.
In 1879, Rutherford B. Hayes signed a bill that allowed female attorneys to argue cases before the Supreme Court.
In 1933, President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt escaped an assassination attempt in Miami that wounded (and eventually killed) Chicago Mayor Anton J. Cermak.
In 1972, sound recordings were granted U.S. federal copyright protection for the first time.
In 2001, the first draft of the complete human genome was published in Nature magazine.
In 2002, President George W. Bush approved Nevada's Yucca Mountain as the site for long-term disposal of highly radioactive nuclear waste.
In 2005, Defrocked priest Paul Shanley was sentenced to 12 to 15 years in prison on child rape charges.
In 2011, protesters swarmed Wisconsin's capitol after Gov. Scott Walker proposed cutbacks in benefits and bargaining rights for public employees.
Born on This Day
1471 - Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici, Italian ruler (d. 1503)
1564 - Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer and physicist (d. 1642)
1622 - Adam Pynacker or Pijnacker, Dutch painter (d. 1673)
1705 - Charles-André (or Carle) van Loo, French painter (d. 1765)
1710 - King Louis XV of France (d. 1774)
1797 - Henry E. Steinway, German piano maker (d. 1871)
1812 - Charles Lewis Tiffany, American jeweler (d. 1902)
1817 - Charles-François Daubigny, French painter (d. 1878)
1820 - Susan B. Anthony, American suffragist (d. 1906)
1882 - John Barrymore, American actor (d. 1942)
1899 - Gale Sondergaard, Oscar winning American actress whose career ended when she stood by her "commie" husband during the McCarthy era. (d. 1985)
1904 - Mary Adshead, English artist (d. 1995)
1905 - Harold Arlen, American composer (d. 1986)
1907 - Cesar Romero, American actor (d. 1994)
1910 - Irena Sendler, Polish heroine of the Holocaust (d. 2008)
1911 - Leonard Woodcock, American labor union official and diplomat (d. 2001)
1914 - Kevin McCarthy, American actor (d. 2010)
1918 - Allan Arbus, American actor
1926 - Dad (d. 1997)
1927 - Harvey Korman, American actor and comedian (d. 2008)
1931 - Claire Bloom, British actress
1941 - Florinda Bolkan, Brazilian actress
1944 - Mick Avory, English drummer (The Kinks)
1945 - John Helliwell, English musician (Supertramp)
1947 - Marisa Berenson, American actress
1948 - Art Spiegelman, American cartoonist
1950 - David Brown, American musician (Santana 1967-1971) (d. 2000)
1951 - Melissa Manchester, American singer (Harlettes)
1954 - Matt Groening, American cartoonist
1959 - Ali Campbell, English singer-songwriter (UB40)
1960 - Mikey Craig, English musician (Culture Club)
1961 - Bob Forrest, American singer/songwriter (Thelonious Monster) and TV personality (Celebrity Rehab)
1969 - Josh Marshall, American journalist
1976 - Ronnie Vannucci Jr., American musician (The Killers)
Died on This Day
1145 - Pope Lucius II
1844 - Henry Addington, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1757)
1928 - H. H. Asquith, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1852)
1932 - Minnie Maddern Fiske, American actress (b. 1865)
1939 - Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, Russian painter (b. 1878)
1965 - Nat King Cole, American singer and musician (b. 1919)
1973 - Wally Cox, American actor (b. 1924)
1973 - Tim Holt, American actor (b. 1919)
1978 - Ilka Chase, American actress and writer (b. 1900)
1981 - Mike Bloomfield, American musician (Electric Flag) (b. 1943)
1984 - Ethel Merman, American singer and actress (b. 1908)
1988 - Richard Feynman, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1918)
Susan B. Anthony Day
National Gumdrop Day