On This Day
In 1371, Robert II became King of Scotland, beginning the Stuart dynasty.
In 1855, the Pennsylvania State University was founded in State College, Pennsylvania (as the Farmers' High School of Pennsylvania).
In 1872, the Prohibition Party held its first national convention in Columbus, Ohio, nominating James Black as its presidential nominee.
In 1879, Frank Winfield Woolworth opened a five-cent store in Utica, N.Y., the first of many.
In 1889, President Grover Cleveland signed a bill admitting North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana and Washington as U.S. states, a major boon to flag manufacturers.
In 1924, Calvin Coolidge became the first President to deliver a radio broadcast from the White House.
In 1935, it became illegal for airplanes to fly over the White House.
In 1980, the U.S. hockey team beat the Soviets 4-3 In a stunning upset at the Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, N.Y
In 1983, the notorious Broadway flop
Moose Murders opened and closed on the same night at the Eugene O'Neill Theatre.
Born on This Day
1403 - Charles VII of France (d. 1461)
1732 - George Washington, First President of the United States (d. 1799)
1773 - Mathieu Ignace van Bree (Mattheus Ignatius van Bree), Belgian painter (d. 1839)
1778 - Rembrandt Peale, American artist (d. 1860)
1806 - Józef Kremer, Polish messianistic philosopher (d. 1875)
1857 - Robert Baden-Powell, British soldier, author, and Scout movement founder (d. 1941)
1865 - Otto Modersohn, German landscape painter (d. 1943)
1883 - Marguerite Clark, American actress (d. 1940)
1889 - Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guide (d. 1977)
1890 - Beatriz Michelena, Latin-American silent movie star (d. 1942)
1892 - Edna St. Vincent Millay, American poet (d. 1950)
1899 - Dechko Uzunov, Bulgarian painter (d. 1986)
1900 - Luis Buñuel, Spanish-born film director (d. 1983)
1904 - Peter Hurd, American painter (d. 1984)
1907 - Robert Young, American actor (d. 1998)
1908 - Sir John Mills, English actor (d. 2005)
1925 - Edward Gorey, American illustrator (d. 2000)
1926 - Kenneth Williams, English actor (d. 1988)
1930 - Marni Nixon, American singer
1932 - Edward M. "Ted" Kennedy, much-missed American politician (d. 2009)
1936 - Ernie K-Doe, American singer (d. 2001)
1937 - Joanna Russ, American author and feminist (d. 2011)
1944 - Jonathan Demme, American director
1944 - Robert Kardashian, American lawyer whose daughters are famous for nothing. (d. 2003)
1950 - Julius Erving, American basketball player
1950 - Genesis Breyer P-Orridge, English musician and performer
1952 - Bill Frist, American politician and video diagnostician.
1953 - Graham Lewis, English musician (Wire and Dome)
1962 - Steve Irwin, Australian herpetologist (d. 2006)
1968 - Jeri Ryan, American actress
1974 - James Blunt, English singer/songwriter
1975 - Drew Barrymore, American actress
Died on This Day
1512 - Amerigo Vespucci, Italian merchant and explorer (b. 1454)
1690 - Charles Le Brun, French artist (b. 1619)
1875 - Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot, French painter (b. 1796)
1888 - Anna Kingsford, English doctor, seer and women's rights campaigner (b. 1846)
1890 - Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (b. 1834)
1906 - Adrien Moreau, French painter (b. 1843)
1942 - Stefan Zweig, Austrian writer (b. 1881)
1961 - Nick LaRocca, American jazz musician (Original Dixieland Jass Band) (b. 1889)
1965 - Felix Frankfurter, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (b. 1882)
1974 - Samuel Byck, American attempted assassin of Richard Nixon (b. 1930)
1976 - Angela Baddeley, English actress (b. 1904)
1976 - Florence Ballard, American singer (The Supremes) (b. 1943)
1979 - Sigrid Schauman, Finnish landscape painter (b. 1877)
1980 - Oskar Kokoschka, Austrian artist (b. 1886)
1985 - Efrem Zimbalist, Russian violinist (b. 1889)
1987 - Andy Warhol, American artist, director, and writer (b. 1928)
1994 - Papa John Creach, American musician (Jefferson Airplane and The Dinosaurs) (b. 1917)
2002 - Chuck Jones, best evah! American cartoonist/animator (b. 1912)
2002 - Daniel Pearl, American journalist (b. 1963)
2005 - Zdzisław Beksiński, Polish artist (b. 1929)
2005 - Simone Simon, French actress (b. 1910)
National Cherry Pie Day
National Margarita Day
National Cook a Sweet Potato Day
Be Humble Day
Walking the Dog Day
World Thinking Day