On This Day
In 1570, Pope Pius V excommunicated England's Queen Elizabeth I.
In 1870, Hiram Rhodes Revels, a Republican from Mississippi, was sworn into the Senate, becoming the first African American ever to sit in the U.S. Congress.
In 1919, Oregon levied a 1 cent tax on gasoline, becoming the first state to do such a terrible, horrendous thing.
In 1932, Adolf Hitler gained German citizenship by naturalization, allowing him to run in the 1932 election for Reichspräsident. He didn't have to prove he wasn't from Kenya.
In 1964, Cassius Clay (who later changed his name to Muhammad Ali) became the world heavyweight boxing champion by defeating Sonny Liston in Miami Beach.
In 1986, President Ferdinand E. Marcos fled the Philippines after 20 years of rule in the wake of a tainted election. Corazon Aquino assumed the presidency.
In 1990, Nicaraguans voted in an election that led to victory for opponents of the ruling Sandinistas.
In 1999, A jury in Jasper, Texas, sentenced white supremacist John William King to death for the dragging death of James Byrd Jr., an African-American man.
Born on This Day
1714 - René Nicolas Charles Augustin de Maupeou, Chancellor of France (d. 1792)
1714 - Sir Hyde Parker, 5th Baronet, British admiral (d. 1782)
1755 - François René Mallarmé, French politician (d. 1835)
1841 - Pierre-Auguste Renoir, French painter and sculptor (d. 1919)
1873 - Enrico Caruso, Italian tenor (d. 1921)
1885 - Sylvia Brett, English socialite (d. 1971)
1888 - John Foster Dulles, American politician (d. 1959)
1894 - Meher Baba, Indian spiritual figure (d. 1969)
1901 - Zeppo Marx, American actor (d. 1979)
1910 - Millicent Fenwick, American fashion editor and progressive Republican congresswoman (it wasn't an oxymoron back then). (d. 1992)
1913 - Jim Backus, American actor (d. 1989)
1913 - Gert Fröbe, German actor (d. 1988)
1917 - Brenda Joyce, American actress (d. 2009)
1920 - Sun Myung Moon, Korean religious leader, founder of Unification Church (d. 2012)
1929 - Christopher George, American actor (d. 1983)
1929 - Tommy Newsom, American bandleader (d. 2007)
1930 - Sister Wendy Beckett, South African-born British art connoisseur
1937 - Tom Courtenay, English actor
1937 - Bob Schieffer, American broadcast
1938 - Diane Baker, American actress
1943 - George Harrison, English singer and guitarist, member of The Beatles (d. 2001)
1945 - Elkie Brooks, English singer (Vinegar Joe)
1947 - Doug Yule, American bass guitarist (The Velvet Underground and American Flyer)
1950 - Neil Jordan, Irish director
1950 - Emitt Rhodes, American singer/songwriter
1952 - Jerry Chamberlain, American musician (Daniel Amos and The Swirling Eddies)
1954 - John Doe, American musician (X)
1962 - Foster Sylvers, American singer, (The Sylvers)
1965 - Brian Baker, American guitarist (Minor Threat and Bad Religion)
1965 - Veronica Webb, American supermodel and actress
1971 - Sean Astin, American actor
1982 - Bert McCracken, American singer-songwriter (The Used)
Died on This Day
1601 - Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, English politician (b. 1566)
1713 - King Frederick I of Prussia (b. 1657)
1723 - Sir Christopher Wren, English architect (b. 1632)
1756 - Eliza Haywood, English actress and writer (b. 1693)
1841 - Philip Pendleton Barbour, Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court (b. 1783)
1910 - Worthington Whittredge, American artist (b. 1820)
1914 - John Tenniel, British illustrator (b. 1820)
1950 - George Minot, American physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1885)
1970 - Mark Rothko, Latvian-born American painter (b. 1903)
1983 - Tennessee Williams, American playwright (b. 1911)
2005 - Peter Benenson, English founder of Amnesty International (b. 1921)
2009 - Philip José Farmer, American novelist (b. 1918)
National Clam Chowder Day
National Chocolate Covered Peanuts Day
Let's All Eat Right Day (just after I finish this chowder and these peanuts)