On This Day
In 1801, The District of Columbia was placed under the jurisdiction of Congress.
In 1812, poet Lord Byron gave his first address as a member of the House of Lords, defending Luddite violence against Industrialism in his home county of Nottinghamshire.
In 1951, the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution, limiting a president to two terms of office, was ratified.
In 1973, Members of the American Indian Movement occupied Wounded Knee, S.D., the site of the 1890 massacre of Sioux men, women and children. The occupation lasted until May.
In 1986, the he Senate allowed its debates to be televised on a trial basis.
In 1991, President George H.W. Bush announced the end of the Persian Gulf War, saying the allies would suspend combat operations at midnight.
in 1997, divorce became legal in Ireland.
In 1997, legislation banning most handguns in Britain went into effect.
Born on This Day
272 - Constantine the Great, Roman emperor (d. 337)
1622 - Carel Fabritius, Dutch painter (d. 1654)
1807 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet (d. 1882)
1831 - Nikolai Ge, Russian painter (d. 1894)
1847 - Ellen Terry, English actress (d.1928) (painting by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema)
1863 - Joaquín Sorolla, Spanish painter (d. 1923)
1869 - Alice Hamilton, American doctor and public health advocate (d. 1970)
1886 - Hugo Black, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1971)
1887 - James Dickson Innes, British painter (d. 1914)
1890 - Freddie Keppard, American jazz musician (d. 1933)
1891 - David Sarnoff, Russian-born broadcast pioneer (d. 1971)
1902 - John Steinbeck, American writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1968)
1903 - Grethe Weiser, German actress (d. 1970)
1905 - Franchot Tone, American actor (d. 1968)
1907 - Mildred Bailey, American singer (d. 1951)
1910 - Joan Bennett, American actress (d. 1990)
1912 - Lawrence Durrell, English writer (d. 1990)
1917 - John Connally, American politician (d. 1993)
1923 - Dexter Gordon, American jazz saxophonist (d. 1990)
1930 - Joanne Woodward, American actress
1932 - Elizabeth Taylor, British-American actress (d. 2011)
1934 - Ralph Nader, American author, activist, and political figure
1936 - Roger Mahony, American cardinal and pedophile protector
1951 - Lee Atwater, evil American political figure (d. 1991)
1951 - Steve Harley, British musician (Cockney Rebel)
1958 - Nancy Spungen, American murder victim (d. 1978)
1959 - Johnny Van Zant, American singer (Lynyrd Skynyrd)
1969 - Brad Vander Ark, American musician (The Verve Pipe)
1971 - "Chilli" Thomas, American singer (TLC)
1980 - Chelsea Clinton, daughter of Bill and Hillary Clinton
Died on This Day
1892 - Louis Vuitton, French ugly luggage maker (b. 1821)
1902 - Harry 'Breaker' Morant, Anglo-Australian soldier (b. 1864)
1964 - Orry-Kelly, Australian costume designer (b. 1897)
1968 - Frankie Lymon, American singer (The Teenagers) (b. 1942)
1977 - John Dickson Carr, American author (b. 1905)
1985 - Henry Cabot Lodge, American politician (b. 1902)
1987 - Joan Greenwood, English actress and director (b. 1921)
1992 - S. I. Hayakawa, Canadian-American linguist and politician (b. 1906)
1993 - Lillian Gish, American actress (b. 1893)
2008 - William F. Buckley, Jr., American author and commentator (b. 1925)
National Chocolate Cake Day
National Strawberry Day
National Kahlua Day
No Brainer Day
International Polar Bear Day